Iron Deficiency Anemia; prevention tips during pregnancy

From original article : https://www.mayoclinic.org


Iron deficiency anemia is a serious pregnancy health risk not only for you but also your baby. Find everything there is to know about it and what you can do to avoid it.

You are at an increased risk of iron deficiency anemia when you are pregnant; this is a condition in which you don't have enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your body's tissues. Find out why anemia during pregnancy occurs and what you can do about it.



What causes iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy?

Iron is essential in the production of hemoglobin and your body needs this. This is a protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen to your tissues. During pregnancy, you need double the amount of iron that nonpregnant women need. Your body needs this iron to make more blood to supply oxygen to your baby. If you don't have enough iron stores or get enough iron during pregnancy, you could develop iron deficiency anemia.


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How does iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy affect the baby?


Severe anemia during pregnancy increases your risk of premature birth, having a low birth weight baby and postpartum depression. Some studies also show an increased risk of infant death immediately before or after birth.


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How can iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy be prevented and treated?


Prenatal vitamins typically contain iron. Taking a prenatal vitamin that contains iron can help prevent and treat iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy. In some cases, your health care provider might recommend a separate iron supplement. During pregnancy, you need 27 milligrams of iron a day.

Good nutrition also can prevent iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy. Dietary sources of iron include lean red meat, poultry and fish. Other options include iron-fortified breakfast cereals, prune juice, dried beans and peas.

The iron from animal products, such as meat, is most easily absorbed. To enhance the absorption of iron from plant sources and supplements, pair them with a food or drink high in vitamin C — such as orange juice, tomato juice or strawberries. If you take iron supplements with orange juice, avoid the calcium-fortified variety. Although calcium is an essential nutrient during pregnancy, calcium can decrease iron absorption.


Read More : http://www.mayoclinic.org